“A testament, a pilgrimage, a journey of discovery and redemption, a beautifully
crafted tapestry of stories of suffering, bravery, death and survival. Oral history
does not come better than this beautifully written book, a daughter’s labour
of devotion to her Holocaust survivor mother and a gift of love to her children
and her readers.”
Professor Yiannis Gabriel, University of Bath, author of “Myths, Stories and Organization”

“Baruch recounts in fine details a family story which leads from the shtetl Mihaileni
in north‐eastern Romania in the 1930s to the horrors of the labor camps of
Transnistria and from there to a new life in Israel. Based on oral history, this book
offers very personal insights into the Holocaust perpetrated by Romania. It is sad
and moving, but also carries a message of hope.”
Dr. Simon Geissbühler, historian, political scientist and diplomat
“Frozen Mud and Red Ribbons offers a true work of love in honour of her
parents and all survivors, a work that deserves to be read, considered, and
reread. Her masterful narrative moves across Romania to Cyprus and Israel,
capturing the voice of generations that experienced the Holocaust and those
who grew up in its shadow.”
Professor Maura Hametz, Professor of History, Old Dominion University, Co‐Editor of
Jewish Intellectual Women in Central Europe, 1860‐2000
“The time is near when there will be no more survivors and witnesses of the
Holocaust. It is therefore of the highest importance that the generations of
children and grandchildren make every effort to collect and safeguard documents
and testimonies—and that they reflect on the question what this memory work
means for their own lives. With Frozen Mud and Red Ribbons, Avital E.M. Baruch
has set an example for this painful and yet rewarding task. In addition, her book
sheds light on one of the lesser known territories of destruction, despair, and
hope in Europe.”
Professor Joachim Schlör, Professor of Modern Jewish/non‐Jewish Relations in
History at the University of Southampton, Director of the Parkes Institute for the
Study of Jewish/non‐Jewish Relations
“This is not just another book about the Holocaust or the history of the Jews in
Romania, Bessarabia and Bukovina. It is a testimony written by a member of ‘The
Second Generation’.
This book has a special meaning for me, being part of this generation. My family
suffered a similar ordeal, losing some of its members. My aunt and my cousin
where killed in a concentration camp in Transnistria and others survived the
evacuation to Siberia. Reading it gives not only an insight to what happened
during and after the war, but also a voice to those who could not speak before. It
reveals the hidden past, filled with pain and sorrow, of an entire generation, as
they were reluctant, in many cases, to talk in public about what they went
through. Nevertheless, it is also a story of hope and eventual happiness.
Avital Baruch as the author does a marvellous job in being partly historian and
partly a story teller, presenting that part of Jewish history with a clear vision and
great personal dedication.
This book is a must for all those who study that period of time and are trying to
understand what happened in Europe in those dark years of WWII. It brings
another piece of the puzzle from that region in a perspective that was not covered
that much in the past.”
Ambassador Alexander Ben Zvi, PhD, Deputy Director General, Ministry of
Foreign Affairs of Israel
“This profound story has etched its impression greatly on my mind. Such
memoirs from the Second World War must not be forgotten. The book is full
with sensitive touches of the Second Generation, as reflected by a daughter, the
narrator. Avital Baruch puts in the spotlight the heroes of incurable lost
childhood, engaging us with their journey of survival and struggle for new life
and hope.”
Dr. Dorit Zilberman, author, literary scholar and critic,
Vice Chair of The Israeli Society of Authors
“Reading this book brought back old pains and feelings that will never be
forgotten. Avital vibrantly describes those dark and difficult times, from being
expelled from home through the agony in Transnistria. It is a great contribution
to the memory of Jewish communities that perished. For a daughter to recount
such horrors is not obvious. Avital merits great appreciation and gratitude for
bringing these memories to light. I hope that the result of her endeavour will
inspire others, so that Holocaust remembrance will be saved and passed on
from generation to generation.”
Iosef (Iulku) Klein, Chair of The Jewish Association of Kimpolung‐Bukovina and
the Surroundings, Retired Lieutenant Colonel
“Avital Baruch’s flowing self‐assured writing, takes the reader to dark worlds
caused by hate and fear. This is not ancient history, it happened not long ago, in
the generation of our parents. Frozen Mud and Red Ribbons is a chilling literary
and biographical evidence that all human beings should remember.”
Michel Haddad, author, retired senior Police officer, council member of The
Israeli Society of Authors
“Frozen Mud and Red Ribbons by Avital Baruch paints a vivid account of a
daughter searching for her roots and of a mother, a Holocaust survivor exiled
from Romania to Ukraine. The book connects their history to the present and
brings to light the issue of ‘Second Generation of the Holocaust Syndrome’.”
Suzanna Eibuszyc, author of Memory is Our Home